Mathbaria is located at 22.2869°N 89.9667°E . It has 48,139 households and a total area of 353.25 km². According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, the population of Mathbaria Upazila was 262,841. Males constituted 49.0% of the population, and females 51.0%. Mathbaria has an average literacy rate of 61.7% (7+ years), compared to the national average is 51.8%.Mathbaria has 11 Unions/Wards, 69 Mauzas/Mahallas, and 94 villages.